[AQS]AQS 中断响应和不可中断 CLH 队列 对比

1 AQS 中断响应和不可中断 CLH 队列变化对比

2 模拟第二种情况,中断响应

public boolean tryLock(long timeout, TimeUnit unit) throws InterruptedException

以java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer#doAcquireNanos 为例,响应中断方式获取时.如果超时返回false,并执行java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer#cancelAcquire 取消队列中的node;如果没有超时并且剩余等待时间大于1微妙即1000ns,执行parkNanos,否则小于1微秒则spin.(因为超时限制随时都有可能被唤醒)

3 小结:

  1.  java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport 类,park函数跳出的条件:中断,获取通行证,到期,外部其他;
  2.  CLH队列节点enq和出队列都是CAS方式完成,双向链表实时并发更新;
  3. 3AQS 中断响应队列,比不可中断队列复杂很多;

参考 jdk1.8

关键源码:

/**
 * Checks and updates status for a node that failed to acquire.
 * Returns true if thread should block. This is the main signal
 * control in all acquire loops.  Requires that pred == node.prev.
 *
 * @param pred node's predecessor holding status
 * @param node the node
 * @return {@code true} if thread should block
 */
private static boolean shouldParkAfterFailedAcquire(Node pred, Node node) {
    int ws = pred.waitStatus;
    if (ws == Node.SIGNAL)
        /*
         * This node has already set status asking a release
         * to signal it, so it can safely park.
         */
        return true;
    if (ws > 0) {
        /*
         * Predecessor was cancelled. Skip over predecessors and
         * indicate retry.
         */
        do {
            node.prev = pred = pred.prev;
        } while (pred.waitStatus > 0);
        pred.next = node;
    } else {
        /*
         * waitStatus must be 0 or PROPAGATE.  Indicate that we
         * need a signal, but don't park yet.  Caller will need to
         * retry to make sure it cannot acquire before parking.
         */
        compareAndSetWaitStatus(pred, ws, Node.SIGNAL);
    }
    return false;
}









// 队列唤醒
public final void acquire(int arg) {
    if (!tryAcquire(arg) &&
        acquireQueued(addWaiter(Node.EXCLUSIVE), arg))
        selfInterrupt();
}

/**
 * Fair version of tryAcquire.  Don't grant access unless
 * recursive call or no waiters or is first.
 */
protected final boolean tryAcquire(int acquires) {
    final Thread current = Thread.currentThread();
    int c = getState();
    if (c == 0) {
        if (!hasQueuedPredecessors() &&
            compareAndSetState(0, acquires)) {
            setExclusiveOwnerThread(current);
            return true;
        }
    }
    else if (current == getExclusiveOwnerThread()) {
        int nextc = c + acquires;
        if (nextc < 0)
            throw new Error("Maximum lock count exceeded");
        setState(nextc);
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}


// Acquires in exclusive uninterruptible mode for thread already in queue
// 独占获取(不可中断)
final boolean acquireQueued(final Node node, int arg) {
    boolean failed = true;
    try {
        boolean interrupted = false;
        for (;;) {
            final Node p = node.predecessor();
            if (p == head && tryAcquire(arg)) {
                 setHead(node);
                 p.next = null; // help GC
                failed = false;
                return interrupted;
            }
            if (shouldParkAfterFailedAcquire(p, node) &&
                parkAndCheckInterrupt()) // 信号释放或者中断
                interrupted = true;
        }
    } finally {
        if (failed) // 只有在发生异常情况下执行(比如 +arg超出整数范围)
            cancelAcquire(node);
    }
}


private final boolean parkAndCheckInterrupt() {
    LockSupport.park(this); // 苏醒
    return Thread.interrupted();
}

private static boolean shouldParkAfterFailedAcquire(Node pred, Node node) {
    int ws = pred.waitStatus;
    if (ws == Node.SIGNAL)
        /*
         * This node has already set status asking a release
         * to signal it, so it can safely park.
         */
        return true;
    if (ws > 0) {
        /*
         * Predecessor was cancelled. Skip over predecessors and
         * indicate retry.
         */
        do {
            node.prev = pred = pred.prev;
        } while (pred.waitStatus > 0);
        pred.next = node;
    } else {
        /*
         * waitStatus must be 0 or PROPAGATE.  Indicate that we
         * need a signal, but don't park yet.  Caller will need to
         * retry to make sure it cannot acquire before parking.
         */
        compareAndSetWaitStatus(pred, ws, Node.SIGNAL);
    }
    return false;
}


unparkSuccessor源码:
/**
 * Wakes up node's successor, if one exists.
 *
 * @param node the node
 */
private void unparkSuccessor(Node node) {
    /*
     * If status is negative (i.e., possibly needing signal) try
     * to clear in anticipation of signalling.  It is OK if this
     * fails or if status is changed by waiting thread.
     */
    int ws = node.waitStatus;
    if (ws < 0)
        compareAndSetWaitStatus(node, ws, 0);

    /*
     * Thread to unpark is held in successor, which is normally
     * just the next node.  But if cancelled or apparently null,
     * traverse backwards from tail to find the actual
     * non-cancelled successor.
     */
    Node s = node.next;
    if (s == null || s.waitStatus > 0) {
        s = null;
        for (Node t = tail; t != null && t != node; t = t.prev)
            if (t.waitStatus <= 0)
                s = t;
    }
    if (s != null)
        LockSupport.unpark(s.thread);
}

 

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